A Kilim (Persian: گلیم Gelīm) is one of the traditional and enchantingly beautiful handicrafts of Iran whose oldest sample dates back to the Parthian era. Although more than thirty different types of Gīlīm have been discovered.
Kilim is a kind of hand-woven carpet that is made with a simple texture that is made of wool and cotton and in some cases with goat wool and hair. Taropod threads pass one after the other. Like the simple texture of a basket. Kilim is a popular handicraft in nomadic and rural areas of Iran.
Kilims are a work of art because of their special patterns and motifs
The unique culture of kilim weaving is in fact a response to the basic needs of villagers and nomads who have been searching for carpeted tents and warmer sleeping items.
The weaving of kilims was common in Iran long before the advent of Islam. It is estimated to be between 3000 and 5000 BC. Because textiles, if not specially protected, rot and disappear shortly after production, and the true history of the weaving records of different ethnic groups will never be known. Bone and wood weaving tools, other ancient weaving tools are not preserved under the soil, and therefore only stone or metal tools left indicate the history of textile production. Of course, the few handicrafts discovered show the excellent quality, sophisticated technique and artistic genius of its creators.
Perhaps the question for many people is what is the difference between Gabbeh and Gelim?
In fact, the first and most important difference between kilim and gabbeh is that kilim does not have fluff, but gabbeh and carpet have fluff, and this also makes kilim rougher than gabbeh and carpet. Of course, depending on the type of yarn used in the texture of the kilim, their softness or roughness will be different.