Persian pottery, like other Iranian handicrafts, has a long and brilliant history in Iran. Due to the special geographical location of Iran, which is located at the crossroads of ancient civilizations and on the routes of important caravans, in almost every part of Iran, at different times have been involved in pottery making. However, recent excavations and archaeological research have shown that there are four major areas in the production of pottery on the Iranian plateau, including the Naskht section including the west of the Zakres Mountains and Lorestan areas. The second section includes the southern Caspian Sea areas of Gilan and Mazandaran provinces. Includes. These two regions were the first areas on the Iranian plateau to start pottery. The third part includes the northwest of the country and the regions of Azerbaijan. The fourth part is in the southeast, which includes the provinces of Kerman and the province of Sistan and Baluchestan. In addition to these four regions, the desert regions of Iran can be added. It dates back to 8 millennia BC.
One of the distinct traditions of Iranian pottery is red painted pottery during the fifth and sixth millennia BC. It was formed and became common on the edge of the desert in the central plateau of Iran. These pottery are handmade and red in color and have a mixed paste with sand powder or chopped plants.
With the advent of the Achaemenid dynasty in the 6th century BC in Iran, much progress has been made in pottery. During this period, delicate pottery was made with new shapes. The Persian pottery surfaces were engraved and decorated. Excavations in Persepolis and Susa have shown that the walls of the palaces are covered with glazed bricks, which include elaborate decorations and images of animals and soldiers.