Nowruz (Persian: نوروز, pronounced [nowˈɾuːz]; lit. ‘new day’) is the Iranian New Year, also known as the Persian New Year, which is celebrated worldwide by various ethno-linguistic groups usually on or around March 21 on the Gregorian calendar.
Nowruz is the day of the vernal equinox, and marks the beginning of spring in the Northern Hemisphere. It marks the first day of the first month (Farvardin) of the Iranian calendars. Nowruz has Iranian and Zoroastrian origins; however, it has been celebrated by diverse communities for over 3,000 years in Western Asia, Central Asia, the Caucasus, the Black Sea Basin, the Balkans, and South Asia.
According to the existing legends, Nowruz originated in the time of Jamshid, the fourth pre-Islamic king of Iran. In Avesta, one of the oldest books of ancient Iran, a person named Jamshid is mentioned who had supra-divine power. Jamshid begins to confront the devil by the order of Ahura Mazda; Because the devil had caused a lot of damage at that time, including famine and drought.
After Jamshid defeats the devil, joy and blessing return to the land of Iran and the drought disappears. The people later named this day “Nowruz” or “New Day”.
The UN General Assembly has recorded Nowruz, which has Iranian roots, in its calendar. On October 29, 2009, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) registered Nowruz as a World Heritage Site.
The General Assembly of the United Nations on March 23, 2010, recognized March 21 as “World Nowruz Day”. In the text approved by the UN General Assembly, Nowruz is described as a holiday with Iranian roots and more than 3,000 years old, which is celebrated by more than 300 million people today.
Nowruz is the first day of spring and on that nature wakes up from a long sleep and resumes its life. Every year, Iranians celebrate the beginning of a new season of nature. They try to mark a new and fruitful chapter in their lives by moving their hearts.
Iranian peopel know the ancient holiday of Nowruz with customs and rituals such as moving house, seeing and visiting, colored eggs, pilaf vegetables with fish, Haftsin, etc. The first four days of Farvardin are considered as the official holiday of Nowruz, in this days people visit their relatives and congratulate each other on this celebration.