Pottery has a high position in the history of Iranian art, because the nature of pottery is not perishable and remains well over time. This feature has made the range of developments in this art well recognizable. Developments of historical pottery have transferred their experiences to contemporary Iranian pottery and can now be seen in both traditional and modern pottery.
Traditional Iranian pottery continues to live in different parts of Iran, among which Kalpurgan offers a completely different type of pottery from other regions due to its ecological and cultural characteristics. Kalpurgan village is located in the southeast of Zahedan province and is one of the functions of Saravan city.
Kalpurgan pottery is a relic of the pottery art of the millennia BC and the pottery produced in the Kalpurgan region of Saravan city shows the continuation of six thousand years of life of a type of prehistoric pottery called red painted pottery.
The occupation of the majority of the people of Kalpurgan village is agriculture and the products are: dates, citrus and vegetables. But the only characteristic that distinguishes Kalpurgan from other regions is its pottery, the method of which is still intact, dating back to about 4 to 6 thousand years ago, and Kalpurgan pottery workshop is the only workshop that still works in a primitive and active way.
What distinguishes Kalpurgan pottery from other places are its unique features:
1) All the delicate things are done by women and men only do things like preparing flowers, cooking pottery, etc .;
2) Pottery wheel is not used to prepare pottery and all pottery is done by traditional and innovative methods with the help of hands;
3) Glaze is not used in pottery;
4) Its designs and patterns are completely geometric and reminiscent of ancient maps;
5) Its designs and patterns usually consist of a hollow circle, a solid circle and a line that are combined together;
6) Its decorative material is a color of tituk stone that dissolves in water.
World-famous pottery of Kalpurgan village
These pottery is a masterpiece of thought and art of women in Sistan and Baluchestan, Iran, which has been passed down from mother to Baluch girl from generation to generation, and the passage of time and historical events have not only not diminished its originality, but also added to its artistic values. Is. The creators of Kalpurgan pottery have always been women throughout history. They do not use wheels for pottery, but make pottery by hand and use special geometric shapes that have a long history to decorate its surface. All pottery decorations are symbols of renewal and mind. These motifs are remembered from generation to generation and express the spiritual desires of the artist and sometimes show the beliefs and beliefs originating from the environment.
The women potters of Kalpurgan village are living museums that can be viewed for hours and finally a container can be handed over to them, as if excavated from the depths of the soil and belonging to thousands of years ago.