The beginning of Termeh weaving in Iran dates back to the early Safavid period, although some believe that the main birthplace of Termeh is the heart of Central Asia and the Kashmir highlands. Some believe that Termeh weaving began in Iran and then spread to Kashmir What can be said about this very delicate fabric is that the taste and initiative of Iranians in the delicacy of its texture, material and imaginative designs is unique in the world. This art reached its peak of prosperity and development during the reign of Shah Abbas Safavid. , Which became world famous and became one of Iran’s export products.
Iranian Termeh like other Iranian handicrafts is one of the oldest original arts in Iran, which has a long history and was hand-woven in the past. At present, Persian silk Termeh in different colors is produced and woven in Yazd city (the historical city of Iran and the second most beautiful ancient city in the world in the UNESCO ranking) and in Iran. With this attitude, Termeh and kohl embroidery can be named as one of the oldest and most original surviving works of art. One of the important reasons for the antiquity and value of Termeh to the present day is its delicate texture, material and imaginative designs, which is unique in the world.
Persian Termeh has been admired throughout history; Greek historians commented on the beauty of Persian weavings in the Achaemenian (532 B.C.), Ashkani (222 B.C.) and Sasanidae (226–641 A.D.) periods .
In the past, the first step in Termeh weaving was the preparation of raw materials. Therefore, in preparing wool, washing and drying were two very important steps that if not taken care of, good quality wool could be lost. Termeh knitting requires high quality wool; In other words, it can be said that it is high quality wool that has long fibers. Usually, Iranian Termeh designs are the result of cooperation between two main or expert people and a worker. The Termeh weaving was so precise, delicate and time consuming that a good professional weaver could typically produce 25 to 30 cm of Termeh per day. The background colors used in Termeh are often red, green, orange and black.
Designs of Persian Termeh
Termeh as a valuable textile has many different usages. So it is woven on different sizes and shapes such as 150*150 or 100*100 centimetres for table cloth and wrapper.
1 – Checked pattern which is like bee’s hive and is used for a tablecloth.
2 – Stripped pattern which is of two models: narrow and wide stripped.
3 – Atabaki pattern which was one of the Kashmiri’s termeh used for expensive fabric because it was a finely woven termeh. Usually, nobles and aristocrats used it as costly and nice cloth.
4 – Zomorrodi pattern in which the green color was used more than the others.
5- Kashmiri pattern (cashmere) in which the shape of deer’s horn was used for its design.
Iranian Termeh price
When buying Termeh , you need to be careful about what you pay for. Termeh is usually an expensive effect. When buying Termeh, you should keep these factors in mind:
1. Typically, the more regular and extensive the effect, the higher the price and value.
2. The number of colors used is a very important factor in showing the value of the work, and as the number of colors increases, the price of the work increases dramatically.
3. The price of Termeh with gold or silver fibers is much higher than parts without metal. Unique design and attention to detail is an important factor and should be considered.
The last and most important factor is that Termeh has embroidery. Today, most Iranian Termeh are seriously used using techniques called “Sermeh embroidery”. This is an embroidery method that was used in ancient Iran and has been taught for a generation.
Sermeh embroidery (Persian: سرمه دوزی) is an Iranian style of embroidery. Its origin dates back to the Achaemenid dynasty (some 25 centuries ago). It reached its zenith in the Safavid Dynasty. In this style of embroidery, gold and silver threads would be used to make decorating patterns on the surface of fabric. Sermeh embroidery is the most popular in the cities of Isfahan, Yazd, Kashan.