Chehel Sotoun Palace-Garden (Persian: چهل ستون, literally: “Forty Columns”) is one of the examples of royal gardens left over from the Safavid period in the city of Isfahan, which is also known as the Forty Pillars Palace or the Forty Pillars Museum Garden.
Chehel Sotoun Palace, which according to its history inscription is called the most blessed building in the world, is one of the most beautiful monuments of the Safavid era in modern Isfahan.
The time of construction of Chehel Sotoun Palace dates back to the time of Shah Abbas the Great. When Isfahan became the capital of Iran, different and huge projects were implemented in this historical city. The construction of a street called Chaharbagh and the gardens around it was one of these plans. The Chehel Sotoun Garden was one of the most important of these gardens, and in fact, it connected the other gardens and connected this street to Naqsh-e Jahan Square.
This palace has 20 columns and is known as forty columns (Chehel Sotoun) due to the reflection of the columns in the water. Of course, the concept that the number 40 has in Persian literature, which indicates multiplicity, may be another reason why the mansion is called forty columns (Chehel Sotoun).
In addition to being beautiful, the palace pool makes the air softer. On both sides of the central hall of Chehel Sotoun Mansion, pictures of ambassadors and Europeans who were in Isfahan at that time are painted. These paintings were painted by two Dutch painters (Anjel) and (Lokar). Exquisite gilded decorations of the Kingdom Hall and the rooms on either side of the Hall of Mirrors and large paintings of the Kingdom Hall depicting the Safavid kings.
Isfahan Chehel Sotoun Museum
The Chehel Sotoun Museum was founded in October 1327, and after several stages of reconstruction and restoration of the Chehel Sotoun Palace, the Chehel Sotoun Museum now hosts manuscripts and historical manuscripts, decorative vessels and works in the field of fine arts such as carpets, rugs, pottery and china, etc. Is. Objects in the Chehel Sotoun Museum include these collections:
- Collection of pottery and tile works
- Collection of glassware, glassware
- A collection of coins from prehistoric times to the present
- Collection of works of historical period and works of Islamic period
- Collection of works of Safavid era such as Kufic manuscripts of Quran and marriage deeds
- Collection of lithographs and historical writings
- A collection of unique and old hand-woven carpets